Also we should have under consideration the physical phenomenon of the sea waters freezing-melting behavior.
Sea waters freeze at - 2,3 oC.
Sea ice melts at 0 oC.
The difference between the melting and the freezing temperatures creates a seasonal time delay in covering the arctic waters with ice sheets.
When formatting the sea ice gets thicker from the colder water's side.
When melting the sea ice gets thinner from the warmer atmosphere's side.
This time delay enhances the arctic waters IR emissivity and heat losses towards the space because of the open waters' higher emissivity ε = 0,95,
compared with the snow covered ice ε = 0,8.
Needs to be mentioned that Earth's surface emits IR radiation 24/7 all year around.
And the Arctic region insolation absorption is very poor even in the summer.
That is why Arctic sea ice has a warming and not a cooling effect on the Global Energy Balance.
On the other hand it is the open Arctic sea waters that have the cooling effect on the Global Energy Balance.
Feedback refers to the modification of a process by changes resulting from the process itself. Positive feedbacks accelerate the process, while negative feedbacks slow it down.
The Arctic sea ice has a warming and not a cooling effect on the Global Energy Balance. It is a negative feedback.
The melting Arctic sea ice, by opening the waters, slows down the Global Warming trend. This process appears to be a negative feedback.
The LIA was a long negative feedback response period. The general trend was then and is now a continuous orbital forced global warming.
The Arctic region insolation absorption is very poor even in the summer
The above grapheme is correct. It shows the average 24 h insolation intensity and it is correct.
Since at 90° degrees there is at summer solstice 24 h insolation the average is some 520 W/m².
But it is a small spot on the globe.
Now let's consider the angle of incidence. On the top of globe at the summer solstice the angle of incidence is equal to the Earth's Axial Tilt = 23,439°.
When the angle of incidence is very low the incident solar flux is not absorbed, but mostly gets reflected from the surface to the outer space. There is only a tiny 10% - 15% of the incident energy is absorbed.
Now let's compare with the 30° degrees latitude.
There is some 480 W/m² average 24 h incident solar intensity.
But the angle of incidence is 60° + 23,439° = 83,439°.
The sun is almost at Zenith there. When the solar flux is close to the perpendicular, then almost the 80% - 85% of the incident energy is absorbed.
So the Arctic region insolation absorption is very poor even in the summer.
The faster a planet rotates (n2>n1) the higher is the planet’s average (mean) temperature T↑mean:
Tmin↑→ T↑mean ← T↓max
06.11 | 11:57
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