Planet's Without-Atmosphere Mean Surface Temperature New Equation: Tmean = [ Φ (1-a) S (β*N*cp)¹∕ ⁴ /4σ ]¹∕ ⁴ (K)

Solar EM energy into HEAT the TRANSFORMATION Ratio.

 

Solar EM energy into HEAT the TRANSFORMATION Ratio.

At the noon hour on the planetary Equator the solar flux's rays are perpendicularly oriented to the flat horizontal surface area.

And it is the moment of the highest the Solar energy INPUT in the planetary surface's inner layers. It is the moment of the minimal-to-not-existent-EM energy reflection.

Thus the incident EM energy is only divided to on the instance of incidence the IR EM energy emission intensity and plus on the instance of incidence the EM energy intensity which is transformed into HEAT and accumulated in the spot' s inner layers.

The incident Solar flux's EM energy:

S (W/m²) = partially outgoing IR EM energy (W/m²) + partially into HEAT transformed and accumulated EM energy (W/m²)

The incident on that area solar flux, when interacting with surface matter, induces the highest surface temperature Tmax.

This planet Tmax temperature is NASA's satellite measured on the spot planet surface temperature, when spotting the highest planetary IR emission intensity Jmax.

It is then, by the use of Stefan-Boltzmann emission law is transformed into the measured spot's surface temperature Tmax.

The Stefan-Boltzmann emission law

J = σ*Τ⁴ (W/m²) EM energy flux (1)

and T = ( J /σ )¹∕ ⁴ K

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Thus, having the every planet's the by NASA's satellite measured planetary Tmax, by the use of the Stefan-Boltzmann emission law equation:

J = σ*Τ⁴ (W/m²) EM energy flux (1)

we are able to calculate the at the noon hour on the planetary Equator the outgoing IR EM energy emission intensity

Jmax (W/m²),

which corresponds to the amount of the not accumulated at that spot of maximum incidence of solar flux's rays perpendicularly oriented to the flat horizontal surface area.

The

S - Jmax difference (W/m²)

is then, the amount of incident EM energy being accumulated in the spot's inner layers.

The

(S - Jmax) \S

is the Solar EM energy into HEAT the TRANSFORMATION Ratio.

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The TABLE

Planet...S........a.........Ν .............cp ........Tmax...Jmax.....(S- Jmax)...(S- Jmax)\S...N*cp

...........W/m.......... rot\day..... cal\gr*oC.....K.... W/m².......W/m²..............

Mercury..9082,7....0,068... 0,00568...0,18...(700K)....13.613,67..!!!!!..

Moon...1361..0,11...0,0339....0,19.........390....1.311,72...49,28.....0,0362....0,006441

Mars....586,4....0,25.. 0,9728...0,18.......308.....510,25....76,15......0,12986...0,1721

Io.........50,37....0,63...0,5559....0,145...(130K).....16,19....34,18......0,67858...0,08061

Europa...50,37...0,63..0,2816....1............125.....13,84.....36,53......0,752......0,2816

Ganymede.50,37....0,41...0,1398....1......152......30,26.....20,11......0,3992....0,1398

Callisto......50,37....0,22... 0,0599...1......165..... 42,02.......8,68......0,1723....0,0599

Enceladus..14,84....0,85.. ..0,7299....1....(145K)...........25,06 !!!!

At noon hours, the in the planetary surface the Solar energy INPUT is at its MAXIMUM.

At planet surface noon hours the on the surface INDUCED temperature by the Solar rayes is in its MAXIMUM PEAK.

Also, at noon hours, there is the minor, or zero the incident solar EM energy reflected.

And, at noon hours, the in the planetary surface the Solar energy INPUT is at its MAXIMUM.

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The planet blackbody effective temperature Te is a mathematical abstraction BASED ON THE UNIFORM SURFACE THE INCIDENT SOLAR FLUX DISTRIBUTION.

It doesn’t have the right relation with physics phenomena determining the planet mean surface temperature.

Therefore, the Earth’s Te = 255 K doesn’t exist!

Table of Te vs Tsat for planets and moons WITHOUT-ATMOSPHERE.

 

Table of Te vs Tsat for planets and moons WITHOUT-ATMOSPHERE.

Mercury Te = 440K, Te.correct = 364K __Tsat = 340K

Moon Te = 270,4K, Te.correct = 224K__ Tsat = 220K

*

Mars___Te = 210K, Te.correct = 174K__ Tsat = 210K

Io_____Te = 95,16K__ Tsat = 110K

Europa__Te = 95,16, Te.correct = 78,83__ Tsat = 102K

Ganymede Te = 107,08K, Te.correct = 88,59K__ Tsat = 110K

Callisto___Te = 114,66K__ Tsat = 134K

Enceladus Te = 55,97K__ Tsat = 75K

Tethys___ Te = 66,55__ Tsat = 86K

Pluto____Te = 37K__ Tsat = 44K

Charon__ Te = 41,9__ Tsat = 53K

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The planet effective temperature (the mathematical abstraction) is adjusted for distance to the sun and albedo, and it is always less than satellite MEASURED planet mean surface temperature (except for the very slow rotating Mercury and Moon)!

A completely different, yet to be written, chapter in Physics.

 

The original definition of Black Body says Black Body absorbs all the incident on it EM radiation.

– It was said in so order to emphasize the Black Body emits EM radiation at 4th power of its absolute temperature (T).

– Any incident EM radiation had to be neglected as insignificant, since the experiments were conducted in the indoors environments.

– The surrounding walls’ EM emission upon the heated filament was insignificant for the experiment’s results. So, its reflection couldn’t be affecting the original outcome. Thus, it was said, the incident EM radiation was completely absorbed.

– It was never said the Black Body’s absolute temperature is a result of the warming by the EM radiation absorption.

– The by the EM radiation warming – it is a completely different, yet to be written, chapter in Physics.